We generally define a website as a unique Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN).
The following configuration, for example, requires a unique license:
awesomedomain.com directs traffic to somesite.com/subdirectory
In situations like the one described above, the FQDN requires its own coverage. This is especially true when dealing with FQDNs that have been blacklisted.
The following configuration does not require a license:
somesite.com/blog or somesite.com/forum
In this configuration, we will treat the blog / forum or other extension of the main website as part of the main website, as long as a FQDN is not associated with the directory. If a FQDN is associated with the directory, again, it will require its own license. This means if your domain configuration is blog.somesite.com or forum.somesite.com then you would require a unique license for all three - the main domain and the subdomains.